Scientists of the European Union’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) have used a new machine-learning approach to investigate pre-conditions and factors that are likely to lead to water management issues in shared water bodies.
Weekly Water Report Middle East & Africa Stories
The National Water Company reduced the demand on water trucks in Jeddah by 20 percent. The company is in its second phase of improving water pumping and distribution and enhancing the operational process.
World Bank CEO Kristalina Georgieva, former United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and US software billionaire and philanthropist Bill Gates have launched a new initiative, the “Global Commission on Adaptation” (GCA) in a move to address “risks associated with climate change—from floods and droughts to sea level rise and storms”.
At an October 16 launch in The Hague Georgieva, Ki-moon and Gates all stressed the need to scale up and speed up adaptation, especially in light of last week’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) special report that warned of imminent and unprecedented dangers to humans on a fast-warming planet.
With Gaza’s water system on the verge of “collapse” a humanitarian catastrophe looms, including potential epidemics. The consequences will reach far beyond Gaza’s borders.
Conflict between the local community and a wildlife conservancy near the world-famous Masai Mara Game Reserve over lease agreement took a new turn yesterday after unknown assailants attacked the conservancy manager with arrows.
Khan Al-Ahmar was today once again flooded with waste water by illegal Israeli settlers, as Israeli army bulldozers stormed the village. Sources from the village said “the wastewater from the [illegal Kfar Adumim] settlement flooded large areas of village lands, as settlers attempt to aid their government in its drive to force the village residents to leave”.
The Algerian Water Authority (ADE) will provide drinking water to several municipalities in the Bejaia wilaya in the north of the country, thanks to a seawater desalination plant that will be built in Tighremt.
Department of water and sanitation deputy director-general for national water resources infrastructure Zandile Makhathini has been suspended for refusing to allow other projects in the ministry to dip into her unit’s R12bn budget. The department has a R15bn total budget, of which R12bn is spent on water resources infrastructure.
Zimbabwe’s capital Harare is to seek a new $280 Million USD loan from Chinese investors for improvement of the city’s water networks in the wake of a cholera outbreak that has killed 54 and caused as many as 9,000 suspected cases across the country. An October 17 statement by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs indicated that the spread of the cholera outbreak which was declared by authorities September 6 was slowing.
A recent study by the RAND Corporation reports that water pollution accounts for more than a quarter of illnesses in the Gaza Strip and that more than 12 percent of child deaths up until four years ago was linked to gastrointestinal disorders due to water pollution. Since that time these numbers have continued to grow.
Egypt President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi told leaders of states participating in the inaugural Cairo Water Week (CWW) October 14 that water issues should not be politicized. “President Sisi stressed that Egypt strongly believes in cross-border cooperation and calls for not politicizing the water issues, especially amid the growing challenges facing the water sector worldwide,” according to a statement from Egyptian Presidential Spokesperson Bassam Radi.
Former President John Mahama has described as false, allegations that his administration diverted funds intended for the construction of the Pwalugu dam in the Upper East Region. According to Mr Mahama, the dam never reached the stage where the government could access the funds before his party left office in January 2017.
The Ministry of Health of Somalia has announced 29 new cases of cholera for week 24 to 30 September, 2018. Among them, 45% were 5 years old and below. The cumulative total of cases is 6423, including 42 associated deaths since the beginning of the current outbreak in December 2017. This week, all the cases were reported in Banadir.
The N50 billion Sunti Golden Sugar Estate (SGSE) built by giant food and agro-allied company, Flour Mills of Nigeria Plc, in Mokwa, Niger State, has been ravaged by massive flood, leading to suspension of the sugar crushing exercise originally billed to commence production this month.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has agreed to increase water supplies to Iraq according to an October 10 announcement by Iraq parliament speaker Mohammed Al Halbousi. The move comes on the heels of an announcement by Iran’s agriculture minister that water supplies from Iran into Iraq would be cut as Iran continues to face its own drought-related water challenges.
At their monthly meeting in Luxembourg on October 9, the Board of the European Investment Bank (EIB) approved backing for EUR 6.67 billion of sustainable transport, urban development, water, clean energy and private sector investment across Europe and Africa.
The Ministry of Sanitation and Water Resources is hopeful that President’s Akufo Addo’s dream of making the national capital, Accra, the cleanest city in Africa by 2020 will be achieved. The ambitious plan comes in the face of worsening sanitation problems in the capital, with city authorities struggling to deal with the situation.
The African Development Bank (AfDB) has announced its intention to invest CFAF 49.5 billion, or nearly €75 million, in this project, which involves the construction of 149 km of drinking water network.
On October 6, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) issued its “Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 degrees C”. The report to assess the differences between allowing temperatures to rise towards 2 degrees C above pre-industrial times or keeping them nearer to 1.5 C was commissioned at the Paris Convention in 2015.
At 1.5C the proportion of the global population exposed to water stress could be 50% lower than at 2C, it notes. Food scarcity would be less of a problem and hundreds of millions fewer people, particularly in poor countries, would be at risk of climate-related poverty.
Three working groups assessed different aspects of change: the physical scientific basis of climate change; impacts, adaptation and vulnerability; and climate change mitigation.
"The next few years are probably the most important in our history," Debra Roberts, co-chair of the IPCC Working Group that assessed impacts, adaptation and vulnerability, said in a statement marking the report's release.
The City of Cape Town expressed concern about the financial woes of the national Department of Water and Sanitation. The city council called for urgent action to avoid putting bulk water supply augmentation schemes at risk.