Climate Change: National Adaptation Plans Technical Guidelines Launched

8 Apr 2019 by OOSKAnews Correspondent

Global Water Partnership (GWP) has launched a new publication, "Addressing Water in National Adaptation Plans (NAP) – Water Supplement to the UNFCCC NAP Technical Guidelines". A launch event was held at Korea Global Adaptation Week April 8, co-hosted by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and GWP.

This second edition of the NAP Water Supplement accompanies the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) National Adaptation Plan (NAP) Technical Guidelines prepared by the Least Developed Countries Expert Group of the UNFCCC.

The NAP Water Supplement provides countries, water managers, and development practitioners with additional guidance to raise the profile of water in adaptation and implement integrated water management measures to enhance resilience to climate change risks. With countries preparing to initiate the second generation of their Nationally Determined Contributions, the Water Supplement also provides a reference point for countries to take stock and reflect on the water-related adaptation challenges that need increased ambition in planning beyond 2020.

Water is the most-cited pathway through which countries experience climate impacts, and also the most-often prioritized sector through which countries seek to build resilience in their economies, their populations’ livelihoods, and their natural ecosystems, as indicated in a 2016 UNFCCC study of 162 Nationally Determined Contributions.

“In writing this NAP Water Supplement, we see one important limitation – that only you, the readers and users, can address: National Adaptation Planning is “national” only. Water, on the other hand, transcends boundaries. Effective management of water resources will – in practically all cases – involve collaboration across national boundaries. The water community has developed mechanisms and institutional solutions – and the invitation is for the climate community to use them!”, says GWP Executive Secretary Monika Weber-Fahr in a Foreword to the publication.

Acknowledging that well-planned, climate-responsive water management strategies and actions provide significant opportunities to build resilience, the NAP Water Supplement offers guidance for integrating water perspectives in countries’ NAP processes. It draws on advances in climate science and developments in planning under uncertainty, and is grounded in experiences and lessons learned from incorporating water perspectives in adaptation planning and implementation.

Furthermore, the NAP Water Supplement approaches integration of water in the NAP process to reinforce implementation of the Paris Agreement via scale-up and delivery of Nationally Determined Contributions, and to reinforce achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, in particular Goal 6 on water, alongside the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, and many others which involve water as a critical part.

The NAP Water Supplement aims to support developing countries to:

  • incorporate water-related adaptation needs and opportunities in the formulation and implementation of NAPs
  • enhance the integration of water-related adaptation in development policies, programmes and plans
  • strengthen the resilience of economies, livelihoods, and natural ecosystems by reducing water- related climate vulnerabilities, and building adaptive and transformative capacities.

The purpose of the NAP Water Supplement is to:

  • enable the identification, prioritization, financing, and implementation of water-related adaptation strategies and projects
  • establish a framework for integrating water perspectives into planning, implementing, and monitoring adaptation actions that promotes climate resilience, in ways that are embedded with medium-to-longer-term development processes
  • empower stakeholders involved in using or managing water to participate effectively and efficiently in the process to formulate and implement NAPs
  • strengthen gender considerations in water-related adaptation planning and implementation
  • help non-water specialists to understand the issues related to water security in the context of climate change.

The NAP Water Supplement is intended for use by:

  • those leading the NAP process at a national level
  • water planners and managers responsible for addressing adaptation in water resources
  • management and water-dependent economic sectors
  • those who provide support to countries to achieve a coherent and strategic response to adaptation planning.

The Global Water Partnership (GWP) is an international network of 13 Regional Water Partnerships, 65 Country Water Partnerships, and more than 3,000 Partner organisations in 183 countries. Its vision is a water-secure world. Its mission is to advance the governance and management of water resources for sustainable and equitable development through integrated water resources management (IWRM).