The Marrakesh Partnership for Global Climate Action has released its Climate Action Pathways through 2050, including a Pathway for Water, that set a “baseline” of actions and accomplishments through 2019 and sets new milestones through 2050.
The Partnership is a coalition of NGOs that enhances collaboration between governments and cities, regions, businesses, and investors and gives greater visibility and momentum to climate action efforts. The group’s mission is to strengthen collaboration between governments and key stakeholders to immediately lower emissions and increase resilience against climate impacts, guided by the long-term goals of the Paris Agreement and undertaken in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
The Partnership seeks to work towards a water sector largely decarbonised through the use of alternative energy sources such as solar and combined heat and power cogeneration, as well as through aggressive conservation, reuse and efficiency efforts. Water infrastructure will be designed and built to be both robust and flexible across a range of possible climate futures, providing reliable service and improved performance over time. Water resources management will be integrated into climate planning at all levels (including transboundary), and across sectors to ensure that water is available in adequate quantity and quality at the time it is needed for both people and ecosystems. This will be accomplished by instituting climate-resilient water governance, institutions, basin organizations, and regulatory and legal frameworks that ensure full inclusion of all stakeholders, especially disadvantaged and underrepresented groups, such as ethnic minorities, indigenous peoples and other vulnerable groups. The private sector contributes by analyzing and sharing water-related risks, measuring and reporting water use data, funding innovation, and taking steps to reduce impacts on water in operations and throughout the value chain.
Water resources will be used to contribute to the recovery and maintenance of terrestrial and marine carbon sinks including wetlands, peatlands, and mangrove forests. In turn these ecosystems will improve the resilience of communities around them by providing habitat for inland and coastal fisheries, buffers from extreme weather, water filtration, storage in times of water scarcity and additional absorptive capacity during floods. Society is thriving due to improved access to water and sanitation, which leads to lower rates of water-borne illness, forced migration and resource conflict, higher rates of school attendance, reduced poverty, and improved economic productivity.
- more than $8 Billion USD certified climate water bonds have been issued. These comply with water infrastructure criteria for both built and nature-based water projects set by the Climate Bonds Initiative.
- over 50 companies with $650 Billion USD in annual revenue have joined the Business Alliance for Water and Climate (BAFWAC) in order to analyze and share water related risks to implement collaborative response strategies, measure and report water use data, and reduce impacts on water in operations and throughout their value chains. Over 160 companies have endorsed the CEO Water Mandate Pledge.
- about 80 percent of intended Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) include water-related adaptation measures.
- 150 national adaptation focal points have received basic training on resilient water management for enabling climate change mitigation and adaptation goals.
Although the Marrakesh Partnership’s mandate expires at the end of 2020, the group has set key milestones for continued collaboration between all actors to ensure that the Paris Agreement goals are met:
- By 2020: NDCs and national adaptation plans (NAPs) will be updated to include resilient water management approaches/tools.
- By 2030: Enabling environment for resilient water managment is put in place; Access to conventional and alterntive climate finance for water- related mitigation and adaptation projects is mainstreamed; Climate adaptation and resilience efforts will be underway in at least 100 river and groundwater basins worldwide (including transbounary).
- By 2050: Transition to low- carbon climate-resilient water infrastructure and governance, based on resilient water management is completed; Water is considered in all national climate mitigation and adaptation plans; At least 100 cities have developed and implemented integrated urban water resilience planning and investment to address critical vulnerabilities in water-related infrastructure and management.