The United Nations and the government of Somalia have launched a new humanitarian response plan (HRP) to provide emergency services and support to over 3 million people.
The plan, announced 22 January, aims to deliver safe water to more than 1.2 million, provide food and non-food assistance to 2.1 million people, support access to education for more than 300,000 children, and provide health assistance to 2.5 million people. Funds will also be directed to address conflict-related protection concerns including the risk of gender-based violence.
The $1.03 Billion USD program is allocated to assist 1.7 million people who have been displaced by floods and drought, conflict, food and personal insecurity, and forced evictions. There are huge food and nutrition gaps among the poor agro-pastoral, marginalised and displaced communities.
The HRP’s core objectives are to reduce the prevalence of acute malnutrition and health needs; meet the basic needs of people across 74 districts; strengthen protection, right to safety and dignity; and enhance capacity of IDPs and non-IDPs to cope with significant shocks.
In October 2019, OOSKAnews reported severe food shortages in the Horn of Africa in the wake of the worst drought since 1981.The London-based NGO, Save The Children, was calling on the international community to assist in averting mass displacement and loss of life in the region.
- Somalia: 2.1 million people face critical food shortages and require humanitarian support; an additional 4.2 million people are on the verge of critical shortages. More than one million children under the age of five are at risk of acute malnutrition.
- Ethiopia: 8.1 million people are in need of food assistance
- Kenya: an estimated 2.6 million people face acute food insecurity and are in need of humanitarian assistance. Another 6.8 million are one step away from reaching crisis levels of food insecurity.
A Somalia government press release indicates that this year, the total HRP funding requirement has decreased by $120 Million USD in 2019 to $1.03 Billion USD. While the total number of people in need has increased from 4.2 million in 2019 to 5.2 million people, the total targeted population has decreased by 400,000 from 3.4 million in 2019 to 3 million people, representing 58 per cent of the 5.2 million people in need of humanitarian assistance.
‘’The Federal Government of Somalia is fully committed to working with all humanitarian agencies operating in the country to implement the 2020 Humanitarian Response Plan,” said Hamza Said Hamza, Minister for Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management. “The response plan complements ongoing Government efforts to address the humanitarian and livelihood crises in the country.”
“As we implement the HRP, the UN and its partners are working to ensure that emergency and development assistance complement each other in line with the Government development plan in order to achieve long-term recovery and resilience,” said Adam Abdulmoula, Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia. “That means we must increasingly focus on the humanitarian-development nexus to stimulate long-term development and to address the underlying causes of Somalia’s crises.”